Amazing Facts About China that Will Surprise You

Well, you probably already know that China is surrounded by a lot of controversies.

China lies in East Asia and borders with countries like Russia, Mongolia, and many others.

While there are many things that reflect the development the country has witnessed over the past few decades, there are also a fairly large number of facts about the country that reveal the rather shocking standard of living of a large part of the country’s population.

  • Official name: People’s Republic of China
  • Capital city: Beijing
  • Language: over 292 languages, most common – Mandarin
  • Population: est. 1,376,049,000 (2015)
  • Area: 9,596,961 km2
  • Longest river: Yangtze (6300 km)
  • Highest mountain: Mount Everest
  • Currency: Yuan (¥)
  • Flag: 5 yellow stars on red background

Basic information

With a population of around 1.4 billion, China is the most populated country in the world by a fair margin. It’s also the third largest country in the world, boasting of covering as much as around 9.6 million square kilometers of land area.

The country’s official name is the People’s Republic of China. Its currency is Renminbi, which actually means the “people’s currency”. However, the Yuan is considered to be the base of its currency, especially on a global level.

Chinese currency is officially called Renminbi, but people refers to it also as Yuan.

China also has the largest army base in the world, while the defense budget being the second highest. The capital city, Beijing, is home to more than 12 million people, and is the second largest city of the country after Shanghai.



China definitely seems to be having a lot of diversity on the geographical front. It’s divided into as many as over 20 different provinces, while having five Autonomous regions, four government-controlled municipalities, as well as a couple of Autonomous regions which include Hong Kong and Macau.

Detailed map of Chinese provinces.

You will also be surprised to know that the country is home to well over 22,000 rivers, with the major ones being the Yellow river (Huanghe), Yangtze river (Changjiang), Songhuajiang river, Heilongjiang river, and so on.


China’s past

The country certainly has a pretty long history, with the first dynasty on its land dating back to the 21st century BC. For as many as around 4,000 years, feudalism was controlling the country. However, the revolution in 1911 brought it to an end, and paved way for the formation of the People’s Republic of China, which got its official status in 1949.

Since then, however, the country seems to have evolved on the economic front, with a whole lot of reform policies opening the gates for foreign investments and international trade.

The Terracotta Army is a huge collection of sculptures that were buried with the first Emperor of China.


Language and more

There are actually hundreds of languages in China, but the country has been trying to promote a common language known as Mandarin from a long time now.

The country also boasts of inventing gunpowder, compass, printing, and paper-making.


Surprising facts

Well, we haven’t really taken a look at some of the negative things about the country. So here we go with some facts that are sure to surprise you.

  • As many as around 100 million people in the country live on less than a mere $1 per day
  • China gives a death penalty to a huge number of criminals. The number turns out to be 4 times higher than in the rest of the world
  • It is illegal to reincarnate in China without the permission of the government
  • The popular social media sites, Facebook and Twitter, are banned in the country, and so is the New York Times
  • Caves in the country are still home to around 35 million people in the country
  • Around 700 million people in the country drink contaminated water
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